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"And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me." (Luke 24:27, and 44)
Jesus Christ himself said, "For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me." (John 5:46) Likewise, Christ's disciples taught that He fulfilled Old Testament prophecy. (Acts 3:18; 17:2-3; 1 Corinthians 15:3-4)
Partial list of prophecies about the Messiah
A prophet like unto Moses. This was prophesied by Moses, himself: "The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; According to all that thou desiredst of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not. And the LORD said unto me, They have well spoken that which they have spoken. I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him." (Deuteronomy 18:15-19)
Like Moses, the Messiah would be a leader, a prophet, a lawgiver, a deliverer, a teacher, a priest, an anointed one, a mediator, a human and one of God's chosen people (a Jew) performing the role of intermediary between God and man - speaking the words of God - and like Moses, the Messiah would offer himself to die for the sins of the people. Both Moses and Jesus performed many miracles validating their message. As infants, both their lives were threatened by evil kings, and both were supernaturally protected from harm. Both spent their early years in Egypt. Both taught new truths from God. Both cured lepers (Numbers 12:10-15; Matthew 8:2-3) and confronted demonic powers. Both were initially doubted in their roles by their siblings. Moses lifted up the brazen serpent to heal all his people who had faith; Jesus was lifted up on the cross to heal all who would have faith in Him. Moses appointed 70 elders to rule Israel (Numbers 11:16-17); Jesus appointed 70 disciples to teach the nations (Luke 10:1, 17). And, there are many other parallels between the lives of Moses and Jesus.
The Messiah would be a descendant of Noah's son, Shem. Noah said, "Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant" (Genesis 9:26-27). Chapter 10 goes on list descendants of Shem, noting that he was ancestor of Eber (Heber: Luke 3:35), the founder of the Hebrew race.
More specifically, he would be a descendant of Shem named Abraham (Genesis 22:18; 12; 17; 22). Fulfilled: See Christ's genealogy in Matthew 1.
More specifically, he would be a descendant of Abraham's son, Isaac, not Ishmael (Genesis 17; 21). Fulfilled: See Christ's genealogy in Matthew 1.
More specifically, he would be a descendant of Isaac's son, Jacob, not Esau (Gen. 28; 35:10-12; Numbers 24:17). Fulfilled: See Christ's genealogy in Matthew 1.
More specifically, he would be a descendant of Judah, not of the other eleven brothers of Jacob. Fulfilled: See Christ's genealogy in Matthew 1.
More specifically, he would be a descendant of the family of Jesse in the tribe of Benjamin (Isaiah 11:1-5). Fulfilled: See Christ's genealogy in Matthew 1 and Luke 3:23-38.
More specifically, he would be of the house of David (2 Samuel 7:12-16; Jeremiah 23:5; Psalm 89:3-4). Fulfilled: See Christ's genealogy in Matthew 1; Luke 1:27, 32, 69. Note: Since the the Jewish genealogical records were destroyed in 70 A.D., along with the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple, it would not be possible for a Messiah imposter who was born later to prove his lineage back to David and thus fulfill this prophecy.
He will be born in a small city called Bethlehem, specifically the one formerly known as Ephratah (Micah 5:2). Fulfilled: Luke 2:4-20. Note: Christ's birth in Bethlehem was apparently not by the choice of Mary and Joseph; it was forced upon them by Caesar Augustus' taxation decree which required Joseph to leave his home in the city of Nazareth and return to his place of origin to pay the tax.
He will be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14). Fulfilled: Matthew 1; Luke 1.
The Messiah would be the seed of of a woman come to destroy the work of the Devil. Not long after Creation, God prophesied to the serpent Satan, And I will put enmity between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel (Genesis 3:15). The implication was that Eve's descendant would undo the damage that Satan had caused.
Satan will inflict a painful wound on the woman's Seed, but Christ in turn will inflict a mortal wound on the Serpent, crushing his head. This prophecy was fulfilled in the first instance at the cross, but will culminate when the triumphant Christ casts Satan into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:10).
He will be a priest after the order of Melchisedek (Melchisedec) (Psalm 110:4). Fulfilled: Hebrews 5:6
The scepter shall not pass from the tribe of Judah until the Messiah comes. In other words, He will come before Israel loses its right to judge her own people. The patriarch Jacob prophesied this: "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be." (Genesis 49:10)
He will come while the Temple of Jerusalem is standing (Malachi 3:1; Psalm 118:26; Daniel 9:26; Zechariah 11:13; Haggai 2:7-9). Fulfilled: Matthew 21:12, etc. (Note: The Temple did not exist at certain periods in Jewish history, and it was finally destroyed in 70 A.D.)
He will perform many miracles (Isaiah 35:5-6). Fulfillment: See list of Miracles Recorded in the Gospels.
He will open the eyes of the blind (Isaiah 29:18). Fulfillment: Matthew 9:27-31; 12:22; 20:29; Mark 8:22-26; 10:46; Luke 11:14; 18:35; John 9:1-7.
He will speak in parables (Psalm 78:2). Fulfillment: Matthew 13:34, etc.
The Gentiles will believe in Him, while His own people (the Jews) will reject him (Isaiah 8:14; 28:16; 49:6; 50:6; 60:3; Psalms 22:7-8; 118:22). Fulfillment: 1 Peter 2:7, etc.
A messenger (a man of the wilderness) will prepare the way for Him (Isaiah 40:3; Malachi 3:1). See; John the Baptist (Matthew 3:1-3; 11:10; John 1:23; Luke 1:17).
The exact day of His public revealment to Israel - and subsequent death
The precise timing of Jesus' crucifixion was also given to the Jews when God revealed to the prophet Daniel (9:24) how the Jews could calculate the day of the revealing of the Messiah. Talking of a 490 year period, the prophet foresaw that it would begin from the going forth of the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem (9:25). In the book of Nehemiah we learn that this command was given "in the month Nisan [on the Hebrew calendar], in the twentieth year of the king" (2:1). The king was Artaxerxes Longimanus who ruled from 465 to 425 B.C. The prophet Daniel said that 483 years from that date, the Messiah would be revealed to Israel, but He would then "be cut off, but not for himself" (9:26). This prophecy refers to the crucifixion when Jesus died, or was cut off, for the sins of the world.
483 years later, to the day, was Sunday, April 6, 32 A.D. On that day, which we commemorate as Palm Sunday, Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey and revealed Himself as Israel's Messiah. He was killed four days later, thus fulfilling the prophecy that He would be revealed and then slain.
He will enter Jerusalem riding a donkey (the colt of an ass) (Zechariah 9:9). Fulfillment: Matthew. 21:5; Luke 19:32-37.
He will be hated for no reason (Psalm 69:4). Fulfillment: John 15:25.
He will be betrayed (Psalm 41:9). Fulfillment: Matthew. 27:3-10.
More specifically, He will be betrayed by a friend (Psalm 41:9). Fulfillment: Matthew. 27:3-10; 26:47-48.
The price of his betrayal will be thirty pieces of silver (Zechariah 11:12). Fulfillment: Matthew. 27:3-10.
The betrayal money will be cast onto the floor (Zechariah 11:13). Fulfillment: Matthew. 27:5.
More specifically, it will be cast onto the floor of the Temple (Zechariah 11:13). Fulfillment: Matthew. 27:3-10.
The betrayal money will be used to buy a potter's field (Zechariah 11:13). Fulfillment: Matthew. 27:6-10.
He will not open his mouth to defend himself (Isaiah 53:7). Fulfillment: Matthew 27:12.
He will be beaten and spit upon (Isaiah 50:6). Fulfillment: Matthew 26:67; 27:26-30.
He will be numbered with the transgressors (Isaiah 53:12). Fulfillment: Jesus was crucified as a criminal in between two thieves (Matthew 27:38).
He will be pierced (Zechariah 12:10). Fulfillment: John 19:34
His hands and feet will be pierced (Psalm 22:16; cf. Zechariah 12:10; Galatians 3:13).
Crucifixion foretold. Psalm 22 graphically prophecies the Messiah's manner of death. At the time the psalm was written (and long after), the penalty for blasphemy was stoning. However, at the time Jesus was condemned by the Sanhedrin, it no longer had the legal right to put people to death. Thus, the case was taken to the Roman governor Pontius Pilate who crucified him according to Roman custom.
The Jewish Passover sacrifice and Jesus Christ's sacrificial death coincide exactly.
The dates on which Jesus was taken by the Roman authorities, and then slain, also coincided precisely with the Jewish Passover. Jesus became the Passover Lamb, ?without blemish.? At the first Passover, described in Exodus 12, God instructed the Israelites to kill a lamb with no blemishes and to put its blood on their door posts. When the angel of death passed through Egypt where the Israelites were being held as slaves, it would pass by any house that had the blood of the a Passover lamb on its door posts. Jesus fulfilled Moses' prophecy of the Passover Lamb because it is through His blood that we can be saved from, or passed over by, death.
His bones will not be broken (Psalm 34:20; Exodus 12 states that the Passover lamb's bones are not to be broken). Fulfillment: John 19:33.
They will divide his clothing and cast lots for them (Psalm 22:18). Fulfillment: John 19:23-24.
He will be given vinegar and gall to drink (Psalm 69:21). Fulfillment: Matthew 27:34, 48.
He will say: My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?? (Psalm 22:1). Fulfillment: Matthew 27:46.
He will be buried with the rich (Isaiah 53:9). Fulfillment: Matthew 27.
He will not decay (Psalm 16:10). Fulfillment: Acts 2:31
He will be resurrected from the dead (Psalm 16:10). Fulfillment: Acts 2:31.
He will ascend into heaven (Psalm 68:18). Fulfillment: Acts 1:9.
He will be seated at the right hand of God (Psalm 110:1). Fulfillment: Hebrews 1:3.
He will be the Son of God (Psalm 2:7). Fulfilled: Matthew 3:17.
- copied and edited - 2010